9 List of Communicable Diseases caused by Wildlife

Infectious diseases are a result of the following Wildlife must have often heard, such as: Hepatitis, tuberculosa (TB), RABIES, WORMS, toxoplasmosis, PSITACOSIS, salmonellosis, leptospirosis and Herpes.
And here is an explanation:

 1. Hepatitis
Around the world estimated 2 billion people have been infected with hepatitis disease.Two million people die every year or every minute there are 4 people died from the disease case. The speed of transmission of hepatitis disease 4 times faster than HIV disease. Transmission of hepatitis transmission through blood flow, placenta baby for the mother who contains and body fluids such as semen, vaginal, and saliva.

Wildlife Disease

People affected by hepatitis, his heart will be broken. His stomach looks bigger, vomiting, diarrhea and yellowish skin. Liver function that filters out toxins have been destroyed by this virus, as a result of death threaten people with hepatitis.

Nonhuman primate (apes and monkeys nation) can transmit disease through bites or scratches hepatitis. Be careful to maintain primates, because perhaps it is infected with hepatitis and primates once he bites you then you are at risk of contracting hepatitis.

2. Tuberculosa (TB)
Tuberculosis is a disease that causes the death of Indonesia's second largest.Symptoms include respiratory symptoms such as shortness of breath, coughing up blood, the body looked emaciated and weak. Transmission of the disease is very fast because it is transmitted through the respiratory tract.

Besides humans can become infected and transmit satwapun TB disease through droppings. If an infected animal feces were inhaled by humans, the human opportunities will also infected with TB disease. Tuberculosis disease is chronic or chronic running, so that new clinical symptoms appear if it is severe.

Creatures that have huge potential infectious TB disease to humans are primates, such as orangutans, gibbons and siamang.

3. Rabies
Deadly disease caused by this virus is also known as hydrophobia. Disease that attacks the central nervous system can be transmitted to humans through animal bites.The case of animal bites is rabies spread dog (90%), cats (3%), monkey (3%) and other animals (1%).

Symptoms are caused when infected with rabies, first of all abnormal behavior and is very sensitive (easily angered), paralysis and spasms in the limbs. Patients will die because of difficulty in breathing and swallowing in the period of 2-10 days.

4. Worms
Worms often considered a mild disease, but the biggest cause of death of animals reared by humans in a bad condition is the disease. Stress can increase the number of worm infection in the body. With the size of a very kecilyaitu 0.01 to 0.1 mm, very facilitate for parasites transmitted to all animals including humans.

Diarrhea, skinny bodies, lack of fluids (dehydration), anemia and early symptoms of weakness is caused by worm infections. Convulsions in all limbs, abdomen enlarged and hard due to the accumulation of gas (flatulence) is a sign that the poison had spread throughout the body. If not treated immediately, the death would pick up the sufferer.

Almost all animals that potentially infectious worms, eg primates, raccoons, cats, parrot, cockatoo, and others.

 5. Toxoplasmosis
The disease is feared by women because it causes infertility or miscarriage always when pregnant. Babies born with the condition can also cacatpun caused by this disease.

Toxoplasmosis disease spread by animals cat people, such as jungle cats, tigers or even domestic cats. Transmission to humans through four ways: accidentally swallow food or drink that has been contaminated Toxoplasama, eating foods derived from meat that contains parasite Toxopalsma and not perfectly cooked / half-baked. Transmission of infectious diseases are transmitted through the placenta baby in the womb for women who conceive. The way the last transmission is through blood transfusion.

6. Psitacosis
Although there has been no reports of cases of Psittacosis disease suffered by humans but the disease is spread by a parrot (parrot) this can cause respiratory problems. It infects people through bird droppings and then inhaled by humans.
Caused clinical symptoms include respiratory problems ranging from shortness of breath until the inflammation in the respiratory tract, diarrhea, tremors and weakness in limbs. Conditions will get worse if the person is under stress and a shortage of food nutrition.

7. Salmonellosis
Salmonella bacteria enter the patient's body through contaminated food or drink these bacteria. Consequences if infected with Salmonella bacteria is an inflammation of the digestive tract until the destruction of the intestinal wall. As a result, patients will experience diarrhea, food nutrients that enter the body can not be absorbed properly, so people will look weak and skinny. Toxins produced by the bacterium Salmonella causes brain damage, even the female reproductive organs that are hamilpun to have a miscarriage.
Wildlife can transmit salmonella disease include primates, iguanas, snakes, and birds.

8. Leptospirosis
 Disease caused by a type of germ is attacking all types of animals including humans.Organs most preferred by the bacteria to flourish is the kidneys and reproductive organs. Transmission of the disease originated from the existence of open wounds and contaminated with urine or fluid from the reproductive organs. Bakan discredited food or drinks can cause infection in the body.

Symptoms are easily observed when infected with this disease is changed to red urine due to kidney patients experienced bleeding. In addition, the head will experience tremendous pain, depression, weak body and even pregnant women will also experience a miscarriage. Until now there is no human vaccine for Leptospira, which is available only to animals. Wildlife can transmit this horrible disease is dogs, cats, tigers, rats, raccoons, and squirrels jelarang.

9. Herpes
The presence pelepuhan skin throughout the body are the initial symptoms are caused when infected with the herpes virus. The virus can be fatal for the nation primates.Humans can be infected from animal bites or scratches that contain the virus. Patients with this disease will become dehydrated due to pelepuhan skin and eventually death will pick him up. Be careful if maintaining primates such as monkeys, langur, gibbon, gibbons, orangutans, and others. It may be that primates Maintained turned out to have herpes!.