Burn is an injury to the tissue which can be caused by fire, sunlight, chemical substances, objects or hot liquids, electricity, or other causes. Burns can be minor medical problems or emergencies that threaten lives.

Treatment depends on the severity of the burns and the burns are. You can take simple maintenance measures such as cooling the skin or use a cream on the burned skin. Severe burns need medical treatment as soon as possible.


Signs and symptoms of burns include:

• red and swollen skin

• Pain

• Skin looks wet or slippery and wet

• Blisters

• In severe cases blackened or charred skin

Burns do not affect the skin in the same way, so one kind of burns can vary. To distinguish mild to severe burns are classified by level of tissue damage. Among others:

• First degree burns. First degree burns are burns that is only found in the outer skin (epidermis). This burn causes the skin red and sore. Can usually be cured with first aid measures within a few days to a week.

• second-degree burns. The burn is located on the outer skin (epidermis) and the second layer on it (the dermis). Cause red skin, sore and swollen. Second degree burns often look wet or damp. Collide and skin blisters can become serious.

• third-degree burns. Burns to skin, the epidermis and dermis and reach the tissues in the lower dermis. Skin may even become violent, white, or brown rough. Third-degree burns can damage the nerves and cause stiffness.

• fourth degree burns. This burn reaches the tissue under the skin and reach the nerves, muscles, bones. The skin will be blackened or charred. If nerve damage is severe, you will not feel any pain.

Causes & Risk Factors

Burns occur when the skin is exposed to high temperatures - higher than 60 Celsius. Several things can cause burns, among others:

• Fire

• Liquid or vapor heat

• The hot metal, glass or other objects

• electric shock

• Radiation, such as X-ray or radiation in cancer therapy

• Sunlight or ultraviolet

• These chemicals, such as acids, alkalis, paint thinner or gasoline

• Friction


You can reduce the risk of burns at home with:

• Never leave the stove while cooking.

• Place the pan with the handle is not exposed to extreme hot stove when cooking.

• Use heat-resistant gloves to protect your hands and wrists when using either cook stove and oven.

• Keep objects and hot liquids kept away from the reach of children.

• Never cook with loose clothing and dangling used to hit the stove.

• Keep flammable objects from flames and heat sources.

• If you smoke, avoid smoking in the house and especially smoking in bed.

• Check smoke detectors regularly.

• Keep chemicals and lighters out of reach of children.

• Set your water heater at between 49 and 54 Celsius to prevent the water is too hot.