Four Diabetes Risk Factors in Woman

The majority of risk factors for type 2 diabetes in men and women is the same. But based on a study of 1 million women found that there are only a few factors that are owned by women. What are they?

Studies conducted by Denice Feig of the Department of Medicine and Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Canada and his colleagues revealed that there are two conditions related to pregnancy and can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes include preeclampsia and gestational hypertension (high blood pressure during pregnancy).

Though estimated 5-8 percent of pregnant women reported experiencing preeclampsia, a deadly condition in which a mother had high blood pressure, fluid retention (water retained in the body in excess) and proteinuria were found in his urine when the pregnancy reaches 20 weeks of age.

Whereas gestational hypertension is a condition in which a prospective mother suddenly develop high blood pressure when entering the womb 20 weeks of age but did not find any proteinuria in his urine. This condition is also called pregnancy-induced hypertension (pregnancy-induced hypertension).

The conclusion was obtained after the researchers analyzed data from 1,010,068 pregnant women who reported giving birth between April 1994 and March 2008. Information about the presence of gestational hypertension, preeclampsia and gestational diabetes in participants was collected and evaluated.

According to the findings of earlier studies, gestational diabetes is also said to be one of the risk factors for type 2 diabetes. This condition usually appears in the third trimester of pregnancy.

As a result, 30 852 people suffer from gestational diabetes; 27 605 people suffer from gestational hypertension and preeclampsia 22 933 people. In addition, 2,100 people are known to suffer from gestational diabetes as well as gestational hypertension, where participants who experienced gestational diabetes and preeclampsia reached 1,476 people.

When in-followup, 35 077 people (3.5 percent) reported having diabetes type 2. However, as reported Emaxhealth, Saturday (20/04/2013), the size of the risk of type 2 diabetes based on the presence of pregnancy-related conditions specified above are:

- 1.95 times greater in patients with gestational hypertension
- 2.08 times greater in people with pre-eclampsia
- 12.77 times greater in patients with gestational diabetes
- 15.75 times greater in participants who develop gestational diabetes and preeclampsia
- 18.49 times greater in participants who have gestational diabetes and gestational hypertension

But apparently in addition to pre-eclampsia and gestational hypertension, the researchers also found two other diabetes risk factors were not found in men, which gave birth to a baby weighing more than 4.5 kilograms and the polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).

Because women who have PCOS are known produce androgens (male hormones) in the number of abnormal so they experience symptoms such as thinning of the scalp hair, acne, weight gain, hair appears on the face, irregular menstruation, insulin resistance to fertility problems . As has been long known to weight gain and insulin resistance also encourages a person's risk for developing type 2 diabetes.