Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Autism is one of a group of serious developmental problems called autism spectrum disorder (ASD), which occurs in early childhood - usually before age 3 years. Symptoms and severity vary and affect the child's ability to communicate and interact with others.

There is no cure for this condition of autism, early and intensive treatment can make a big change in the lives of many children with this disorder.


Children with autism generally have problems in three crucial areas of development-social interaction, language and customs. However, because the symptoms of autism vary greatly, two children with the same diagnosis can have different habits and abilities. In many cases, severe autism is marked by a total inability to communicate or interact with others.

Some children show symptoms of autism in early infancy. Another child grows normally in the first few months or years and then suddenly regress, become aggressive or lose language skills they already have. Although children with autism have each pattern is unique, there are some common symptoms of autism include:

Social skills:

• Failed to give his name
• Eye contact is a little
• Often does not listen to people who talk to him
• Do not want to be hugged or held
• Appears unconscious feelings of another will
• Likes to play self-immersed in the "world" of its


• Start talking after a 2-year-old, and has a 30-month delay capability
• Loss of ability which has been owned before to say
• Do not make eye contact when asking for something
• Talk to the tone or rhythm that is not normally possible using sound like singing or like robot
• Can not start or maintain a conversation
• May repeat words or speech, but do not understand how to use it


• Demonstrate repetitive motions, such as swinging, spinning or clapping
• Demonstrate certain rituals or routines
• Moving constantly
• Amazed against the particular object, such as a spinning wheel toy car

Children with autism also have a hard time to share your experiences with others. The development of social skills at an early age is crucial to the social development and language later in life.

As adults, some children with autism become more familiar with others and show little disruption habit. Some of them usually have a live normal or near normal by the end of the current severe problems before. Some others have difficulty in the ability to speak or socialize, and adulthood can mean worsening problems.

Many children with autism are slow to upgrade or new experiences, and some have signs low intelligence. Other children with autism have normal to high intelligence. Children learn quickly when having trouble communicating, applying what they know in life every day and adjust to social situations. A small number among children with autism are "autistic scholar" and has a remarkable ability in certain specific things, such as art, math or music.

Causes & Risk Factors


Autism is a complex issue. Two children with autism are not same. In many cases the causes of this condition include:

• Genetic problems. Some genes showed association with autism. Some may make children more susceptible to interference; affect brain development or the way brain cells communicate.
• Environmental factors. Many health problems occur due to genetic and environmental factors. For example, researchers found that the virus infection and the role of air pollution to autism.

Risk factors

Autism affects children of all races and nationalities, but certain factors increase the risk. Among others:

• Boys are three to four times more likely to develop autism than girls.
• Families who have a child with autism are at increased risk of having another child with the disorder.
• Children with certain medical conditions have a higher risk of autism. These conditions include fragile X syndrome, hereditary factors that cause problems intellect, tuberous sclerosis, a condition in which benign tumors occur in the brain, Tourette syndrome, a neurological disorder that causes seizures and epilepsy.
• Have children at an older age increases the risk of having a child with autism.


There is no way to prevent autism. Autism can be treated and children to improve language skills and social skill with such care. If your child is diagnosed with autism, tell your child's doctor about the making strategies for the treatment of your child. Keep in mind that you may need to try several different treatments before finding the best combination for your child.


Post a Comment