ADHD (Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) in adult

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD in adults is a mental condition a person who has difficulty concentrating, hyperactivity (behavior can not be silent) and impulsive habits (difficulty delaying responses / encouragement to do / say something that can not wait). ADHD in adults have some symptoms, such as the interaction of an unstable, weak in ability to work or study, and low self-esteem.

ADHD always begins at the age of the children, but in some cases it can not be diagnosed until they are adults. The treatment process for the treatment of adults as in children, including the stimulus medicine or other medical treatment, counseling (psychotherapy) and treatment for mental health is needed.


Also called ADHD or Attention-Deficit Disorder (ADD) and hyperactivity has two main aspects, namely inattention (a condition where it is difficult to focus) and hyperactivity (behavior that can not be silent) - impulsive habits (difficulty delaying responses / encouragement to do / say something that can not wait).

ADHD in adults may have symptoms such as:

• Difficulty to focus or concentrate
• Restlessness
• Can not wait
• Difficulty in completing tasks
• Difficulty in organizing (organizing what is done)
• mood changes often
• temperamental
• It is difficult to cope with stress
• The relationship of interaction with other people who are unstable

Some adults with ADHD are unaware that they are affected by ADHD - they just know that every day tasks given to them is a challenge. Many adults with ADHD have difficulty providing the focus and priority of what they do, often can not meet the deadline given or oblivious to schedule meetings in the hard work or socializing.

Inability to control impulsive urge can lead to impatience waiting in a queue or easily ranks mood changes when driving. Many adults with ADHD have a record of problems at work and school.

Causes & Risk Factors


ADHD in adults have the same cause with ADHD in children, namely:

• The changes in brain anatomy and function

For a while the exact cause of ADHD remains a mystery. Observation of the brain revealed significant differences in the structure and activity of the brain in normal people and those with ADHD. For example, reduced activity in areas of the brain that control activity and attention.

• Descendants

ADHD tends to run in families.

• Mothers who smoke, use drugs and other toxins.

Pregnant women who smoke have an increased risk of having a child with ADHD. Alcohol or drug use during pregnancy can reduce the activity of nerve cells that produce the neurotransmitter. Pregnant women who are exposed to toxins from the environment, such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), also makes it possible to have a child with ADHD symptoms. PCBs are industrial chemicals widely used since the 1970s.

• Children who are exposed to environmental toxins.

Pre-school children are exposed to certain toxins have an increased risk of developing ADHD. For example, toxic PCBs.

Risk factors

• Mothers who are exposed to toxins (toxins) during pregnancy.
• Smoking, alcoholic beverages or use drugs while pregnant.
• Factors families with a history of ADHD (hereditary) factors or certain behaviors and moods damage.
• Premature births
• Exposure to certain toxins during childhood


If you have been affected by ADHD, you can take the following steps to prevent ADHD worse.

• Take steps to decide medical. Contact your doctor before you take certain steps.
• Be diligent to use the skills and abilities you have learned. Keep able to control the stress and continue to keep a positive attitude.
• Do not hesitate to ask. Let others know your disability. Their support will make a big change.


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