ADHD (Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) in children

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD is a developmental disorder in increased motor activity in the millions of children and often persists into adulthood. There are two main aspects of ADHD, which is difficult to focus and hyperactivity habits (behavior that can not be silent) - impulsivity (difficulty delaying responses / encouragement to do / say something that can not wait).

Children with ADHD disease is experiencing low self-esteem, problems in interacting with others and a lack of ability in school.


Signs and symptoms of difficulty concentrating can occur:

• Often fails to give attention to every detail when making mistakes or ignorance of the various activities.
• Often has trouble sustaining attention in work or when playing.
• Do not listen when spoken to directly.
• Difficult to follow the instructions and often fails to finish school work or other tasks.
• Often fails in setting tasks and other activities.
• Avoiding or disliking tasks that require ongoing mental effort such as schoolwork or homework.
• Often loses something in the works, such as books, pencils, toys, or other equipment.
• Easily confused.
• Often forgotten.

Signs and symptoms of hyperactivity (behavior that can not be silent) and impulsive habits (difficulty delaying responses / encouragement to do / say something that can not wait) that can occur:
• Often restless.
• Often leaves seat in classroom or in other situations that expects him to sit down.
• Frequently running or climbing, excessive act, or if he will feel restless teenager sustainably.
• It is difficult to play quietly.
• Always feeling must go.
• Talking excessively.
• Respond to excess before the questions posed finished saying.
• It's hard to wait their turn.
• Often interrupt others in conversation or games.

ADHD habits can be different in girls and boys:
• Boys are more visible hyperactive, whereas girls are showing negligence.
• In girls who have difficulty in paying attention often lost in the imagination, but the boys acting without purpose or always playing.
• Boys tend to be less willing to give in to a teacher or other adult, so that the habit often makes it stand out.

Causes & Risk Factors


• The changes in brain anatomy and function
For the moment, the exact cause of ADHD remains a mystery. Observation of the brain revealed significant differences in the structure and activity of the brain in normal people and those with ADHD. For example, reduced activity in brain areas that control attention and activity.

• Descendants
ADHD tends to run in families.

• Mothers who smoke, use drugs and other toxic substances.
Pregnant women who smoke have an increased risk of having a child with ADHD. Alcohol or drugs are used during pregnancy also can decrease the activity of nerve cells that produce the neurotransmitter. Pregnant women who are exposed to toxins from the environment, such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), also makes it possible to have a child with ADHD symptoms. PCBs are industrial chemicals widely used since the 1970s.

• Children who are exposed to environmental toxins.
Pre-school children are exposed to certain toxins have an increased risk of developing ADHD. For example, toxic PCBs.

Risk factors

• Mothers who are exposed to toxins (toxins) during pregnancy.
• Smoking, alcoholic beverages or use drugs while pregnant.
• Factors families with a history of ADHD (hereditary) factors or certain behaviors and moods damage.
• Premature births


There is no way to prevent ADHD. But also there are some steps that may help to prevent the causes of ADHD and make sure your children healthy as possible physically, mentally, and emotionally:

• During pregnancy, avoid anything that can harm fetal development. Do not drink alcoholic beverages, smoke or use drugs.
• Protect your children from pollutants and toxins, including cigarette smoke, industrial and agricultural chemicals, and chemical paint (on some older buildings).
• Always be consistent, make it clear limits and consequences of habits instilled in your children.
• Take your routine with your child together with clear expectations, including the case of sleep, in the morning, while eating, while providing simple tasks, and when to watch.
• Avoid other things that you do when talking to your child, make eye contact when giving instructions, and praise your child every time every day.
• working with teachers and caregivers to identify problems early on. If your child has ADHD or other conditions that interfere with learning and social interaction, early treatment can reduce the impact of the condition.


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