Alzheimer is a common cause for cases of dementia - the loss of intellectual and social abilities that severe enough to affect daily activities. In Alzheimer disease, brain tissue health has decreased, resulting in decreased memory and mental abilities.

Alzheimer is not part of the normal aging process, but the risk increases with age. Five per cent of people aged between 65-74 years suffering from Alzheimer's disease, and almost 50 percent of people aged over 85 years have Alzheimer disease.

Although the disease is no cure, treatment can improve quality of life for people with Alzheimer. They were convicted Alzheimer need support and affection from friends and family to cope.


Alzheimer disease may start with slight memory loss and confusion, but eventually it will lead to mental impairment which is irreversible and destroys a person's ability to remember, think, learn, and imagine.

Memory loss
Everyone has lapses in memory. It is normal when you forget where you put your car keys or forgetting names of people who you rarely see. But the memory problems associated with long and bad Alzheimer. People with Alzheimer possible:

• Repeating something he had done
• Often forgotten the words and promises of doing
• Often one to put something, often putting things in unusual places
• Ultimately forgot the name of family members and objects used in daily life

Problematic when thinking abstractly
People with Alzheimer have trouble thinking about a thing, especially in the form of numbers.

The difficulty in finding the right words
It is difficult for people with Alzheimer to find the right words to convey their thoughts or when they engage the conversation. Will ultimately affect their ability to read and write.

People with Alzheimer's often lose the ability to remember the time and date, and will find themselves lost in the real environment familiar to them.

Lost the ability to judge
Solving everyday problems is difficult and becomes increasingly difficult until the end is something that is felt to be possible for those who have Alzheimer. Alzheimer has characteristics very difficult to do something that requires planning, decision-making and judgment.

It's hard to do common tasks
It is difficult to do routine tasks that require sustained steps in the process of completion, such as cooking. In the end, the person with Alzheimer may forget how to do even the most basic things.

Changes in personality
People with Alzheimer show:
• Changes in mood
• Loss of trust in other people
• Increased stubbornness
• Depression
• Restlessness
• Aggressive

Causes & Risk Factors


None of the factors that seem to be the cause of Alzheimer. Scientists believe that this disease is a combination of genetic, lifestyle and environmental factors. Alzheimer damage and kill brain cells.

Two types of damage to brain cells (neurons) that are common in people with Alzheimer:
• Plaques / plaque. Clumps of a protein called beta-amyloid affects the communication between brain cells. Although there are no known cases of Alzheimer disease that causes death, the facts show that the abnormal process of the protein beta-amyloid may be the cause.
• Tangles / tangled. Supporting structures in brain cells depends on the normal function of a protein called tau. In people with Alzheimer, threads of tau protein undergo changes that cause them to be of unsound mind. Many scientists believe that this is the damage to neurons and can cause death for patients with Alzheimer's.

Risk factors

Patients Alzheimer usually affects people over the age of 65 years, but can also attack people under the age of 40. At least 5 percent of people aged between 65 and 74 have Alzheimer. In people aged 85 or older increased to 50 percent.

Alzheimer's risk appears slightly higher first-degree family relationships - parents and siblings - has Alzheimer.

Women are more susceptible than men, this is because women generally live longer than men.

Mild cognitive impairment
People who have mild cognitive impairment have memory problems are worsening and not what may expect on age and not bad enough to classify as dementia. Many of those who are in this condition persists has Alzheimer's disease.

Same factors that make you are at the same risk of heart disease also increases the likelihood of developing Alzheimer disease will be. Examples are:
• Pressure
• High blood pressure
• High Cholesterol
• Less in controlling blood sugar
Keeping your body to stay fit is important to you - you should be able to train the mind properly. Several studies have shown that active in training the mind and mental health throughout your life especially in the elderly will cut the risk of Alzheimer disease.

Level of education
The study found an association between low education and the risk of Alzheimer. But the underlying cause is not known precisely. Some scientists theorize, the more often you use your brain to be more synapses you make a lot of reserves which will be available in the old days. It would be difficult to find Alzheimer in people who train the brain on a regular basis, or those who have a higher level of education.


Currently, there is no evidence to suggest how to prevent Alzheimer disease. Experiment to find a vaccine that could protect against Alzheimer dropped a few years ago because some people who received the vaccine experienced inflammation of the brain.

However, you can cut the risk of Alzheimer disease by reducing the risk of heart disease. Many factors increase the risk of heart disease may also increase the risk of dementia. The main cause that emerges is blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Stay active - physically, mentally and socially - can also cut the risk of developing Alzheimer.