Four Causes of DBD

The number of cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) continues to increase every year. Data in 2010 showed that Indonesia ranks highest dengue cases in ASEAN. According to the Directorate General of Disease Control Sourced Animals (P2B2), the number of dengue cases in Indonesia in 2010 there were 150,000 cases (Reuters 2/19/2011). In 2013, East Java has even recorded an extraordinary occurrence (KLB) disease in 3-4 districts of the city.

Dengue hemorrhagic fever caused by a virus that is transmitted through mosquito Aedes aegypti as the main vector. In addition, there is mosquito vector Aedes albopictus as secondary. This disease usually reaches peak at the end of the rainy season or early dry season. Generally, in March or December. Until now, there is no cure or vaccine for the disease. Dengue Prevention now only done by avoiding mosquito that spreads the disease, such as cleaning up the environment and fumigation.

Specialist in diseases of the General Hospital Center (Dr) Fatmawati Jakarta, dr.Gustan Syahri. Sp.PD said, there are four types (serotypes) of different viruses that cause dengue fever is dengue virus-1 (DEN-1), DEN-2, DEN-3, and DEN-4. Serotype DEN-3 known to be the most virulent type of attack. But until now, no research results serulogi, to decide the impact of attacks and special features DEN-3.

"The worst is DEN-3, but if the human antibodies against DEN-3 was formed, he will hold," said Gustan.

Dengue disease is very dangerous. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2012 more than 2.5 billion people at risk of dengue virus infection. In addition, there are about 50 million people infected with dengue virus every year.

The number of DHF country also continues to grow. In 2007, there were 68 countries had reported cases of dengue. This figure is an increase compared to 1999, only 29 countries. Currently, more than 100 countries in Africa, the Americas, Eastern Mediterranean, South-East Asia and Western Pacific seriously affected by dengue.