Anorexia Nervosa

Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder because someone are obsessed with the weight and the food they eat. Those with anorexia nervosa attempt to maintain a weight far below normal. To prevent weight gain or to continue losing weight, those with anorexia nervosa starve themselves or exercise excessively.

Anorexia nervosa is not really about food. This is an unhealthy way to cope with emotional problems. When you have anorexia nervosa, you often equate thinness is worth.

Anorexia nervosa can be difficult to repair. But with treatment, you can improve a better idea of ​​who you are, restore healthy eating habits and heal some of the serious complications of anorexia.


Some of those with anorexia nervosa usually lose weight by restricting the amount of food they eat. They also may try to lose weight by exercising excessively. Other people with anorexia use alcohol and laxatives, like bulimia. They control the calories in the can with vomit after they eat or the misuse of laxatives, diuretics or enema.

No matter how the weight reduction achieved, anorexia has a some signs and symptoms of physical, emotional and habits.

Physical symptoms of anorexia:

• Loss of weight in the extreme

• Looks thin

• abnormal blood levels

• Fatigue

• Can not sleep

• Dizziness or fainting

• bluish discoloration in the fingers

• brittle nails

• The hair is thin, broken or fall

• Late menstruation

• Constipation

• Dry skin

• Not resistant to cold

• irregular heart rhythm

• Low blood pressure

• Dehydration

• Osteoporosis

• Swelling in the arms or legs

Symptoms of anorexia emotions and habits:

• Refusing to eat

• Denying hunger

• Excessive Exercise

• mood is flat, or weakly emotional

• Withdraw from the social environment

• Easily angry

• Decreased interest in sexual activity

• Depression

• Possible use of herbal products or diet pills

Causes & Risk Factors


It is not known specifically what causes some people affected by anorexia. Like many other diseases, it is a combination of biological, psychological and sociocultural.

• Biologics. Some people are genetically prone to anorexia. The young woman with a sibling or mother women with eating disorders have a higher risk.

• Psychological. Those with anorexia have characteristics that contribute to anorexia. For example, they have low confidence. They may have obsessive-compulsive personality innate that makes it easier to stay on a strict diet and do not eat when hungry. They may also have a high perfectionist nature, with the intention that they will not think they have been pretty thin.

• sociocultural. Western countries often instill culture and strengthen the desire for thinness. Much media showed images of skinny models or actors. Success and success is always associated with a thin body. Factors peer friendships can be a reason to be thin, especially in young girls. However, anorexia and other eating disorders have been around since centuries ago, suggests that sociocultural not solely to blame.

Risk factors

• Anorexia is more common in women although both men and women can also experience anorexia.

• Anorexia is more common in those aged teenagers.

• Genetic. The experts found the area on chromosome 1 shows the relationship increased risk of anorexia nervosa. In addition, anorexia nervosa down on the family.

• Those who experience weight gain will feel inferior. Changes in body weight will trigger someone to start an extreme diet.

• The transitional period. As recently moved school, home or work, relationship breakdowns, or the death or illness suffered by their loved ones, these changes can bring emotional distress and increase the risk of anorexia nervosa.

• Sports, work and artistic activity. Some fields of work, sport and the arts that need thin body can increase the risk of anorexia for those who are in it.

• Media that regularly show pictures of skinny models and actors who can make the fans want to have a body like them and put the risk of anorexia to those who want such a model and actor.


There is no guaranteed way to prevent anorexia or other eating disorders. If you have a family member or friend with low confidence, severe dieting or not satisfied with the performance, consider talk to him about this. Even if you do not have the ability to prevent eating disorders occur, you can talk about a healthier lifestyle.