Prediabetes, The Entrance to Diabetes

According to WHO, the epidemic of diabetes is now occurring globally, not only in developed countries. Developing countries such as Indonesia also experienced it. Thus, the threat of this disease with all its consequences always haunt us.

Actually, you do not just suddenly develop diabetes. Wake-up time for example, suddenly skyrocket your blood sugar 400 mg / dl. No. There is a long process, you just get to it. Declared a state before you go into diabetes called "prediabetes".

It is a metabolic abnormality characterized by increasing your blood sugar levels, but not to meet the criteria for diabetes. So, to know that you predibetes, checking your blood sugar levels is very important decree anything.

Unfortunately, the "pre-diabetes" is arguably not leave a mark, typical symptoms, and can develop into type 2 diabetes unnoticed. While there are symptoms such as feeling thirsty, urinating more often than usual, it is easy to feel tired, weary as no energy, but because the symptoms develop gradually, you often do not realize it.

Therefore, prediabetes can only be ascertained through examination of blood sugar. And, if your fasting blood glucose level between 100 mg / dl, and 125 mg / dl, or blood sugar levels two hours after eating greater than 140 mg / dl, but less than 200 mg / dl, you are in the category of prediabetes .

If you do not make lifestyle changes, or no intervention, in 10 years or less, you can go into diabetic. In the meantime, though you can not yet be said to have diabetes, due to long-term complications of diabetes, especially in the heart and blood vessel system, chances are running.

Then, because it does not give an indication of prediabetes, which is a typical symptom, of course someone asks, "when someone needs to make sure he was in the category of" pre-diabetes? "Or suspected already have" pre-diabetes? "

American Diabetes Association provides recommendations for prediabetes checks if you have risk factors as follows:

1. If you are over 45 years old, should be performed as a routine examination. When normal inspection, repeated every three years.

2. Examination also should be considered more frequently performed, although younger age, but you are obese (BMI> 25) and had a distended abdomen.

3. You have other risk factors such as: casual lifestyle, had a brother kandumg with diabetes, a history of gestational diabetes, or had delivered heavy babies (4 kilograms), blood pressure equal to or higher than 140/90 mmHg, HDL (good cholesterol ) less than 35 mg / dL, triglycerides greater than 250 mg / dl, no previous history of vascular disease, and on examination you have previously impaired glucose tolerance or fasting blood sugar is not normal you.

So, before it's too late, immediately improve the lifestyle to be more healthy and doing blood sugar checks periodically.