Angina is a type of chest pain caused by reduced blood flow to the heart muscle. Angina is a symptom of coronary artery disease (CAD). In this disease, the heart muscle does not get enough oxygen-rich blood. Angina is described with flavors such as squeezing, pressure, heaviness, or pain in the chest tight.

There are three types of angina, among others:

Stable angina (chest pain Prolonged and repeated, usually occurs when doing strenuous activities)
Unstable angina (chest pain that comes on suddenly which can signal a heart attack)
• Variant angina is the most rare type of angina is caused by coronary artery spasm


Angina has symptoms such as:

• Pain in the chest
• Pain in the arms, neck, jaw, shoulder or back pain accompanied by chest pain
• Nausea
• Tired
• Shortness of breath
• Restlessness
• Sweating
• Dizziness

The severity, duration and type of angina can be different for each person.

Type of stable angina is the most common and occurs when doing strenuous activities and disappear when resting. If you have stable angina who suddenly deteriorate or turn out to be unstable seek immediate medical help.

Characteristics of stable angina

• Appears when doing strenuous activities
• Usually can be estimated and pain that arise are usually similar to the pain that came before
• Lost in a short time about 5 minutes or less
• Missing immediately when you are resting or using a treatment for angina
• The pain may spread to the arm, back or other areas
• Can be triggered by mental stress or stress

Characteristics of unstable angina

• Occurs even when resting
• Represents the change in the pattern of your angina experienced before
• It can not be predicted
• Usually more severe and disappear within a longer
• Can not be removed during rest or angina medicine
• Can be a sign of a heart attack

Characteristics of stable angina

• Usually occurs when you rest
• Often occurs with severe pain
• Depleted the treatment of angina

Angina in women

Symptoms of angina in women can be different from the common symptoms of angina. Women have symptoms of angina with a feeling like being stabbed, beat or sharp chest. Women also have symptoms such as nausea, shortness of breath or pain in the abdominal area.
Causes & Risk Factors

Angina is caused by reduced blood flow to the heart. This is usually caused by CAD. CAD is a disease that narrows the arteries due to fatty clot (atherosclerosis).

• Stable angina. Usually triggered by strenuous physical activity. When your heart needs more blood, blood can not be filled because the arteries are narrowed make blood flow difficult.

• Unstable angina. If clumps of fat to break down or the formation of blood clots this may cause blockages that cause blood flow to the heart is reduced. Unstable angina may also be due to the condition of lack of blood (anemia), especially if you have had previous coronary artery narrowing. This type of angina requiring emergency medical care in the event because it is dangerous.

• Variant angina. Also called Prinzmetal's angina is caused by coronary artery spasm that causes the arteries to narrow. This narrowing reduces blood flow to the heart.

Risk factors

• Smoking
• Diabetes
• High blood pressure
• High Cholesterol
• Personal or family history of heart disease
• Old Aged
• Lack of exercise
• Obesity
• Stress


You can prevent angina by changing your lifestyle, among others:

• Stop smoking
• Controlling the regular health conditions
• Eat healthy foods
• Increase physical activity with doctor approval
• Maintain a healthy weight
• Reduce stress levels


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