Milk allergy

The milk allergy is the most common food allergies in children. In addition to regular cow's milk, goat's milk, sheep and buffalo also can cause allergic reactions. And some children are allergic to cow's milk are also allergic to soy milk.

Milk allergy usually occur a few minutes to a few hours after you consume milk. Signs and symptoms of milk allergy range from mild to severe and can occur shortness of breath, vomiting, itchy red spots on the skin and digestive problems. In rare cases, milk allergy can cause anaphylaxis-a severe life-threatening reaction.

Avoiding dairy products is the best way to treat allergies. Most children will have a milk allergy at the age of 3 years.


Milk allergy symptoms vary in each person and occur within a few minutes to a few hours after ingesting milk.

Signs and symptoms of milk allergy that occurs immediately after consuming milk, among others:
• red spots with itching of the skin
• shortness of breath
• Vomiting

Signs and symptoms of milk allergy who need more time to appear include:
• dilute manure, which may contain blood
• Diarrhea
• Cramps in the abdomen
• Cough or shortness of breath
• Runny nose
• Watery eyes
• itchy skin rash, often around the mouth
• Colic, infants

Milk allergy or milk intolerance (inability to digest milk)?

It is important to distinguish between a milk allergy or lactose intolerance to milk. Unlike a milk allergy, milk intolerance are not related to the immune system. Milk intolerance causes different symptoms and need different treatments of milk allergy. Common signs and symptoms of intolerance to milk, among other digestive problems such as bloating or diarrhea, after consuming milk or products containing milk.


In rare cases, milk allergy can cause anaphylaxis, a life-threatening reaction that can narrow and obstruct the airway. If you or your child has a reaction to milk, tell your doctor about it does not matter even if the reaction is mild. Checks can help make sure a milk allergy, so you can take steps to avoid a bad reaction in the future. Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency and requires treatment with injectable epinephrine (adrenaline). Signs and symptoms began after consuming milk, among others:
• Damage to the respiratory tract, such as swelling of the throat making it hard to breathe
• Facial sweating
• Itching
• Surprised, with a severe drop in blood pressure
Causes & Risk Factors

All milk allergies are caused by the body's immune system malfunctions. Your immune system identifies the milk protein is harmful to your body, triggers the production of the antibody immunoglobulin E (IgE) to neutralize the protein (which is considered as an allergen). Henceforth, if you are in contact with the protein, these IgE antibodies will recognize and send a signal to the body's immune system to release histamine and other chemicals. Histamine and other chemicals cause a variety of signs and symptoms. Histamine take a role in many allergic reactions include runny nose, itchy eyes, sore throat, rash, rash with itching, nausea, diarrhea, shortness of breath and anaphylaxis.

There are two types of protein in cow's milk which can cause allergic reactions:
• Casein, which is found in the milk is frozen solid
• Whey, which is found in the liquid part of milk that remains after milk frozen

You or your child may have an allergy to milk protein only or both. This protein is not only present in milk, but also on the food. In addition, most of those who have reactions to cow's milk are also allergic to milk sheep, goats and buffalo. Those who have an allergy to cow's milk can also be allergic to soy milk.

Risk factors

Certain factors can lead you to the risk of having a milk allergy, among others:
• Allergy others. Many children with milk allergies also have other allergies. Milk allergy is often the first to appear.
• Atopic dermatitis. Children with this type of skin reactions are more likely to have food allergies.
• Family history. You are at increased risk for food allergies if one or both of your parents have allergies to food or other allergies.
• Age. Milk allergy is more common in children. Increasing your age, your digestion will be more mature and more resistant your body will react to milk.


There is no sure way to prevent food allergies occur for the first time. But you can prevent signs and symptoms by avoiding foods that cause your allergy. If you know you or your child is allergic to milk, make sure to avoid dairy products. Find out what you or your child eat and drink. Read food labels carefully.

Several studies have shown that breastfeeding up to four months of age infants can help prevent allergic to milk. In children who have allergies to milk, breast-feeding and the use hypoallergenic formula (formula made from milk protein enzymes to destroy) to prevent allergic reactions.