Back Pain

Back pain is a common complaint in people. A lot of people at least once in a lifetime experience back pain. Back pain is one of the most common reasons people go to the doctor or do not go to work.

On the bright side, you can take action to prevent or mitigate a lot of back pain. If prevention fails, simple home treatment will often heal your back within a few weeks and keep functioning for a long time. Surgery is rarely needed to treat back pain.


Signs and symptoms of back pain include:

• Muscle pain

• Pain stabbing

• Pain that spreads to the leg

• Flexibility or limited motion on your back

• Not being able to stand upright

Backache is missing from several days to several weeks can be an acute back pain. Back pain disappeared within three months or longer is chronic back pain.

Causes & Risk Factors


The back is a complicated structure of bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons and discs. The discs are like cushions of cartilage that serves as a cushion between the spine. Back pain can occur due to problems with any components in this section. In some people, can be found back pain without a specific cause.

- Tension

Back pain is most often caused by:

• Tension the muscles and ligaments

• Lifting heavy objects or back position is wrong

• After a strange movement that suddenly

Sometimes it can lead to muscle spasms or associated with back pain.

- Problems structures

In some cases, back pain may be caused by structural problems, such as:

• The discs are bulging or ruptured. The discs such as cushions between the bones in the spine. Sometimes, the soft material inside the disc may rupture or bulge outward and press the nerves. But even the few people who have the discs are bulging or broken, do not experience pain from this condition.

• Pelvic pain. If rupture or protruding disc presses deliver the main nerve to the foot, it can cause pelvic pain - sharp pain in the buttocks and back of the leg.

• Inflammation of joints. The joints most commonly affected by osteoarthritis are the hips, hands, knees and lower back. In some cases of arthritis in the spine can cause narrowing of the space behind nerves bone, a condition called spinal stenosis.

• Deviations position of the bones. Back pain can occur if the curvature of the spine is not normal. If the natural arch your spine become exaggerated, back of the back will look more rounded or lower back becomes more curved inward. Scoliosis, a condition in which the spine curves leads to the side, can also cause back pain.

• Osteoporosis. Pressure that occurs due to fracture the spine can lead to back pain if you are porous or brittle bones.

-A rare but serious condition

In the case of a step, back pain may be related to:

• Cauda equina syndrome. This is a serious neurological problem that affects the nerve circuits that conduct to the lower back and times. This can lead to fatigue in the legs, shaking the "saddle" legs or groin area, and lost bladder control.

• Cancer of the spine. Tumors of the spine can compress nerves, causing back pain

• Infection of the spine. If the fever and pain, accompanied by a warm area of ​​the spine, may be caused by infection.

Risk factors

Some factors that may increase the chance of experiencing back pain include:

• Smoking

• Obesity

• Old Aged

• Women

• Work hard physical

• Work in a position that does not move

• Restlessness

• Depression


You can prevent back problems by following general measures taken:

• Regular aerobic exercise (such as walking or swimming). Exercise improves the strength and flexibility of muscles and back bones, which helps to support and straighten your back, and reduce the frequency and severity of back injury. Flexibility of the hips and upper legs will push the pelvis alignment. Choose the difficulty level of exercise appropriate for your skill level you are, and do light stretching to warm up before and after exercise. If you have back problems, consult your doctor or a psychotherapist before starting a new exercise method.

• Use proper body mechanics positions.

• Stand. Maintain a neutral pelvic position, and avoid turning back. Avoid bending position and push your neck when stressed. Use equipment that comfortable, low-heeled shoes.

• Sit. Use a chair with good back. Keep your hips and knees.

• Lifting. Close the load on the body, keep your back straight and your knees flexibility. Let your feet get all the tension. Avoid lifting and twisting quickly.

• Remove excessive weight. If you have a weight of more than 10 percent, eliminate excess weight with diet and aerobic exercise, according to your doctor's advice.