Prevent Tuberculosis in Children

Tuberculosis (TB) in children can be fatal. Because TB in children is usually not only attack the lungs, but also other organs such as glands, skin, and bones. Untreated TB can also lead to death.

But TB is not hereditary, but contagious disease that can be prevented. TB is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. By avoiding contact with the bacteria, the disease can be prevented.

In the Media Seminar titled "Tuberculosis in Children and the Value of Vaccination" held by the Indonesian Pediatric Association (IDAI), son of specialist dr. Ciptomangunkusumo (RSCM) dr. Wahyuni ​​Indawati, Sp.A explained several ways to prevent TB following children.

1. BCG vaccination.

Vaccination is one of the important factors in the prevention of disease. Vaccines are microorganisms, either intact cells or parts of cells that are toxic, which is already weakened and inserted into the body to stimulate the body to produce antibodies. BCG is a specific type of vaccine stimulates the formation of antibodies against TB bacteria.

2. Provision of nutritious food and balanced.

A nutritious and balanced diet will increase the immunity which helps fight the bacteria that cause TB.

3. Keep the environment clean, not damp, and sunlight can get into the house.

Environmental criteria can prevent the proliferation of bacteria that causes TB thus lowering the chances of contracting.

4. Find the source of transmission.

TB can be easily transmitted through the air. So the knowing person a source of infection, disease transmission can be reduced. Source of infection can be from adults at home, and adults in the school environment.

5. Treat the infection with complete source.

When you know the source of infection, then try to treat that person. Prevent infection with cough etiquette and using a mask during the first 2 months of treatment.