Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the bladder, a balloon shaped organ in the pelvis that deviate urine. Most of these cancers start in the cells that line the inside of the bladder.

This cancer usually affects adults, although all age groups have the same opportunities. Generally, cancer is diagnosed at an early stage of development, where the cancer is still treatable.


Bladder cancer has the following symptoms:

• There is blood in the urine (hematuria) or urine may be normal, but blood can be detected by microscopic examination.

• Frequent urination

• Pain during urination

• Infection of the urinary tract

• Pain in the abdominal area

• Backache

Causes & Risk Factors


It is not clear what causes bladder cancer. Bladder cancer has been linked to smoking, parasitic infections, radiation and chemical exposure. Bladder cancer occurs due to a mutation of cells. This mutation causes the cells to grow out of control and then live when other cells die.

risk factors

Some factors that increase the risk of bladder cancer include:

• Increasing age

• white skinned

• Smoking

• Exposure to certain chemicals (eg arsenic)

• The use of anti-cancer drug cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan) for cancer earlier

• Chronic Bladder Inflammation

• Personal notes or family with cancer


Although there is no guarantee to prevent bladder cancer, but you can take steps to reduce your risk of bladder cancer. Among others:

• Do not smoke

• Beware of chemicals in your environment

• Drink enough water so that toxins can be wasted along with urine

• Choose fruit or vegetable foodstuffs